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Back Pain

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Back Pain Problem

80% of adults will experience significant low back pain sometime during their lifetime. Low back pain usually involves muscle spasm of the supportive muscles along the spine. Also, pain, numbness and tingling in the buttocks or lower extremity can be related to the back.

Low back pain can also be the result of certain diseases, such as:

• cancer of the spinal cord
• a ruptured or herniated disc
• sciatica
• arthritis
• kidney infections
• infections of the spine

Acute back pain can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks, while chronic back pain is pain that lasts longer than three months.

Cause of Back Pain

Anyone can develop back pain, even children and teens. These factors might put you at greater risk of developing back pain:

• Age.
Back pain is more common as you get older, starting around age 30 or 40.
• Lack of exercise.
Weak, unused muscles in your back and abdomen might lead to back pain.
• Excess weight.
Excess body weight puts extra stress on your back.
• Diseases.
Some types of arthritis and cancer can contribute to back pain.
• Improper lifting.
Using your back instead of your legs can lead to back pain.
• Psychological conditions.
People prone to depression and anxiety appear to have a greater risk of back
pain.
• Smoking.
Smokers have increased rates of back pain. This may occur because smoking
prompts more coughing, which can lead to herniated disks. Smoking can also
decrease blood flow to the spine and increase the risk of osteoporosis.

Symptoms of Back Pain

Back pain can have many symptoms, including:

• a dull aching sensation in the lower back
• a stabbing or shooting pain that can radiate down the leg to the foot
• an inability to stand up straight without pain
• a decreased range of motion and diminished ability to flex the back

The symptoms of back pain, if due to strain or misuse, are usually short-lived but can last for days or weeks.

Back pain is chronic when symptoms have been present for longer than three months.

How Phsyiotherapist Can Help?

A physical therapist can teach you exercises to increase your flexibility, strengthen your back and abdominal muscles, and improve your posture.

Regular use of these techniques can help keep pain from returning.

Physical therapists will also provide education about how to modify your movements during an episode of back pain to avoid flaring pain symptoms while continuing to be active.

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